History of Leicester
The city of Leicester is one of the oldest in England. It’s impressive landscape and sporting success does not dwarf the history behind this great city which stretches as far back as 2,000 years. Leicester was founded by King Leir and was known as the city by the Leir or Caerleon. It was brought up by the Celtics who first settled there and planted the roots of what is now a world-renowned city. As one leading boiler companies in Leicestershire, let us provide you with a history of Leicester guide.
A Roman Town to a Medieval City
The first steps of Leicester were Celtic settlements that were later replaced by the Roman Town. The roman’s recognised the military role the town played and built a garrison town and had a stone wall to keep the troops safe.
Over the years, the little town continued to grow and even had its own basilica and a forum. Close to 400 years later the Romans withdrew and the Danish took over. The town had its own mint and continued to grow steadily.
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Over 2,000 people lived in Leicester by the time of the Norman Conquest. During this period, the defences built by the Romans were rebuilt and Norman Leicester had its own castle. Even though at this point it was referred to as a city, in the 11th century, it lost its status and was referred to as a town.
The middle ages were fairly peaceful for Leicester. It confined itself to the thick stone walls. It continued to grow even though only a few people controlled the majority of the wealth.
16th to 18th Centuries the Times of Change
During the 16th and 17th centuries, Leicester experienced exponential growth. It got its first charter of incorporation in 1589 which marked its independence and wiped out the role of the powerful guilds.
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During the English Civil war, the town had divided loyalties which affected its growth. It would later be occupied by Royalist forces in 1645. The takeover lasted only a fortnight and after the Battle of Naseby power was handed back to the parliamentarians.
Transformation into an Industrial City
To this point, Leicester economy was largely driven by the market. It was a market town. Its transformation as an industrial hub started with the rise of multiple small-scale family-owned businesses manufacturing hosiery.
The new canal and railway led to the rise of steam-powered courtesy of coal. Huge factories dealing with knitwear, shoes and boots were set up. To house the workers in the factories, the suburbs were built. There were also middle-class suburbs developed in Clarendon Park and London Road.
Its status as a city was not restored until 1919 after intense lobbying by the public. As a result, there was a huge housing estate programme. After the Second World War, large areas of the city had to be redeveloped to sustain the population influx and support both working and living.
Since then, Leicester has steadily grown to become a staple for sporting, culture and diversity. It is a hive for education and remains one of the most iconic cities in all of England.